Building with composite for architecture / English

Building with composite for architecture / English

Building with composite for architecture

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To date, composite materials are seldom used in building structure in the field of architecture. They are little known by clients and project teams and they are inexistent in teaching and research at French national schools of Architecture.
Many experimental applications were developed worldwide during the 1960s and 1970s. Today, some realisations have benefited from recent research and development in the domain of civil engineering.
The composites specific qualities — mechanical, thermal, water and vapour-proofing capacity —, strength-to-weight ratio, low maintenance cost all make them an extremely high performance and very competitive material in the new context of architectural production. In addition, current research on composites (biosourcing, recyclability, environmental assessment), the advancement of forming and construction processes, the advancement of calculation tools, characterization and nondestructive testing tools and the development of metacomposites, offer new perspectives for a structural application of composites in architecture.
Social and demographic changes, urban densification and the challenges of energy transition all create a stimulating context for finding new constructive solutions and systems.
This sector of activity is potentially very competitive if it is used to develop, in conjunction with architects, structural solutions which favour the sustainability of the building projects.


Composite
The word composite, is understood here, as a material consisting of at least two nonmiscible components, a matrix material and a reinforcing material, assembled artificially and collaborating structurally.
It covers synthetic polymer matrix composites and opens up with current research to natural polymers, implemented artificially with reinforcements, possibly biosourced.